Christian Zionism is a movement within Protestant fundamentalism that understands the modern state of the country-region Israel as the fulfillment of Biblical prophecy and thus deserving of political, financial, and religious support. It grew out of a particular theological system called premillennial dispensationalism. Its doctrines became clear during the early nineteenth century in England when there was an outpouring of millennial doctrines following the year 1800.
Christian Zionists work closely with the Israeli government, religious and secular Jewish Zionist organizations, and are particularly empowered during periods when the more conservative Likud Party is in control of the Knesset. Both the secular and religious media place Christian Zionists within the larger Protestant evangelical movement, which claims upwards of 100-125 million supporters in the United States. To be more precise, Christian Zionism should be placed within the fundamentalist wing of Protestant Christianity, as the evangelical movement is far larger and more diverse in its theology and historical development.
Christian Zionism is a growing political and religious movement within the most conservative branches of Protestant fundamentalism but it can also be found in the broader Evangelical branches of Christianity including the evangelical wings of the mainline Protestant churches (Presbyterian, United Methodist, Lutheran, etc.) It thrives during periods of political and economic unrest, such as the present time, with the rise of international terrorism, global recession, and fear of a series of wars in the Middle East. With its pessimistic view of history, Christian Zionism seeks to provide simple and clear answers from its literal and predictive approach to the Bible. Some estimate that these views are held by 20-25 million U.S. fundamentalist Christians, however, due to its increased interest and the uncertainty of the times, it is a growing phenomenon.
From Rev. Donald Wagner, “Defining Christian Zionism, http://christianzionism.org/Article/Wagner02.asp
See full descriptions for these books at our page Books: Religion; The Bible; Christian Zionism
Chosen? Reading the Bible Amid the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, by Walter Brueggemann
Jesus and the Land: The New Testament Challenge to “Holy Land” Theology, by Gary M. Burge
Whose Land? Whose Promise? What Christians are not being told about Israel and the Palestinians, by Gary Burge
Zionism through Christian Lenses: Ecumenical Perspectives on the Promised Land, by Carole Monica Burnett
Zeal for Zion: Christians, Jews, and the Idea of the Promised Land, by Shalom L. Goldman
Comprehending Christian Zionism: Perspectives in Comparison, by Goran Gunner and Robert O. Smith
The Bible & Zionism, by Nur Musalha
The Wrath of Jonah: The Crisis of Religious Nationalism in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, by Rosemary Radford Ruether and Herman Ruether
Christian Zionism: Roadmap to Armageddon? by Stephen Sizer
Zion’s Christian Soldiers? The Bible, Israel and the Church, by Stephen Sizer
More Desired than Our Owne Salvation: The Roots of Christian Zionism, by Robert O. Smith
Anxious for Armageddon: A Call To Partnership For Middle Eastern and Western Christians, by Donald E. Wagner (1995)
See the website http://christianzionism.org for more resources.